Lions (Panthera leo) are majestic carnivorous mammals belonging to the Felidae family. They are known for their iconic appearance and social behavior.
Here are some basics about lions:
Lions are the second-largest living cat species after tigers. Adult males typically weigh between 150 to 250 kilograms
and can grow up to 2.5 to 3 meters in length, including the tail.
Lionesses are smaller, weighing around 265 to 395 pounds (120 to 180 kilograms).
Lions normally inhabit grasslands, savannas, and open woodlands across sub-Saharan Africa.
Lions are highly social animals and live in groups called prides. A pride typically consists of related lionesses, their offspring, and a few adult males.
The lionesses usually do the hunting while the males guard the territory and protect the pride.
Lions mainly prey on zebras, wildebeests, buffaloes, and giraffes. They use their strength, powerful jaws, and sharp teeth to bring down their prey.
Lions face various threats in the wild, including habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, poaching, and diseases.
Conservation efforts such as protected areas, anti-poaching measures, and community engagement programs are crucial for their survival.
Lions are classified as "Vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.